Last Sunday (07), the first round of the elections in Brazil ended and a real threat to democracy is on the horizon. In the middle of an intense polarization, between two political camps completely averse to each other, a climate of hatred settled, leading large contingents of the Brazilian population to an almost fratricidal struggle, where the greatest losers end up being all indiscriminately, especially the strata middle and lower classes of the working class.
When I think of the Brazilian context, the historical conjunctures of Germany and Italy in the 1920 decade come to mind almost instantly. Given the specific temporal specificities, we see spectacular similarities. First, an overwhelming economic crisis; Second, a working class in an advanced state of penury and disillusioned with democratic institutions; Third, an extremely conservative extreme right, with a moralizing discourse that ends up presenting itself as a political alternative, presenting easy and simplistic solutions to solve the problems of the whole country. Fourth, finally, a social democracy divided and plunged in disputes of power, which can not stand and face, on the same levels, the whole conservative wave.
We know how the rise of the Nazi-fascists to power ended in Germany and Italy. The Germans and Italians themselves of the 21st century are aware of the danger that this neofascist advance is all about, and some of them have already warned of the danger it would be if a candidate with this ideology were victorious in an election. Not only they, but various organizations, newspapers, magazines, intellectuals and parties, conservative and progressive, try to demonstrate the danger of the rise of the extreme right. But, a part of the Brazilian people, does not see or do not give due attention to these alerts.
In recent years, the economic crisis that increasingly rages and squeezes the middle and peripheral extracts of Brazilian society, and the inanition of the public power to solve and staunch this sangria has led some of them to disappoint almost totally with traditional party organizations . This was a fertile ground for the ultra-rightists who, now, congregate a large part of them, on their orbit of influence. The 49 millions of votes acquired by the candidate Jair Bolsonaro, represent well the force that this speech of hate, has on the great masses of workers. Importance, which leads them to close to any other perspective.
Also, beyond the impossibility of these workers in seeing alternative, they can not glimpse the real dangers that this reactionary discourse carries. Withdrawal of social rights, widening the gender pay gap, limiting political and individual freedoms, among others, are possibilities engendered amid a program full of phrases of effect. And the other party organizations have failed and still find it difficult to present themselves as a less tortuous path than that. It is only to verify the difficulties that the candidacy of Fernando Haddad (and others also) have had to enter between these contingents, as well as between those that are not contemplated by any of the candidacies in dispute (see the almost million of white, null and abstention votes).
In this context, Brazilian democracy runs the risk of being profoundly transformed and not for the better. A transformation that can mean harmful effects in the medium and long term, especially for the poorest groups in society. We are in the middle of a tunnel, where the light may take a long time to appear on the horizon. It is necessary that everyone can go beyond the polarized tension in which the majority of the population finds itself, so that we can understand everything that is happening and the difficulties that we are facing. It is blurring our vision and limiting our gaze on the whole. If we do not put on the glasses of common sense, of patience, if we do not take a few steps back, away from all this dispute between either side, we can throw away more than thirty years of a new republic that, far from being perfect, is which still guarantees us some liberties so that we can develop and improve a still deeply unequal Brazil.
By: Teacher | Alan Nunes * Bica