By: Photographer - Mario Hirano | Japan Tour.
The primitive history of Okinawa is defined by the monturo or shell and is divided into periods of the Old, Middle and Late Mount. The Early Shell Mound period was a hunter-gatherers with ceramics of Jomon that it felt like a wave. In the latter part of this period, archaeological sites moved around the coast, suggesting the involvement of people in fishing. In Okinawa, rice was not cultivated until the Middle Shell Mound. Container shell rings made from shells obtained from Sakishima Islands , namely Miyakojima e Yaeyamaislands, were imported by Japan. In these islands, the presence of shell axes, 2500 years ago, suggests the influence of a southeastern Pacific culture.
After the Late Shell Mound, agriculture began around the 12th century, with the center moving from the coast to higher ground. This period is called the Gusuku period. Gusuku is the term used for Ryukyuan's distinctive form of castles or fortresses. Many gusukus and related cultural remains in the Ryukyu islands were classified by UNESCO as World Heritage under the title of Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of Ryukyu Kingdom. There are three perspectives on the nature of gusukus: 1) a sacred place, 2) villas surrounded by stones, 3) a castle of a people leader. In this period, porcelaintrade between Okinawa and other countries became busy, and Okinawa became an important relay point in East Asian trade. Reis Ryukyuan, how Shunten e Eiso , were important rulers. An attempted Mongol invasion of 1291 during the Eiso dynasty ended in failure. The hiragana was imported from Japan by Ganjin in 1265. Noro , priestesses of the village of Ryukyuan religion , appeared.
O Sanzan period started in 1314, when the realms of Hokuzan e Nanzan declared independence from Chūzan . The three kingdoms competed for recognition and trade with China Ming . King Satto , leader in Chūzan, was very successful, establishing relations with Korea and Southeast Asia, besides China. O Emperor Hongwu sent 36 families from Fujianin 1392, at the request of King Ryukyuan. His job was to manage maritime transactions in the kingdom. Many Ryukyuan officers were descendants of these Chinese immigrants, born in China or with Chinese ancestors. They helped the Ryukyuans to develop their technology and diplomatic relations. In 1407, however, a man named Hashi overthrew the descendant of Satto, the king Bunei , and installed his own father, Shishō, as king of Chūzan. After his father died, Hashi became king, and the Emperor Xuande of China gave him the surname "Shō" (Chinese: Shang).
In 1429, the king Shō Hashi completed the unification of the three kingdoms and founded the kingdom of Ryukyu with its capital in the Castle of Shuri . Their descendants would Amami islands . In 1469, the king Shō Taikyū died, then the royal government chose a man named Kanemaru as the new king, who chose the name Shō En and established the Second Shō Dynasty. Your son, Shō Shin , would conquer the Sakishima Islands and would centralize the royal government, the military and Norwegian priestesses .
In 1609, the Japanese domain of Satsuma launched an invasion of the kingdom of Ryukyu, capturing the king and its capital after a long fight. Ryukyu was forced to cede the Amami Islands and become a Satsuma vassal. The kingdom became a tributary of China and a tributary of Japan. Since China would not make a formal trade agreement unless a country was a tributary state, the kingdom was a convenient loophole for Japanese trade with China. When Japan officially closed trade with European nations except the Dutch, Nagasaki, Tsushima and Kagoshima, has become the only Japanese trading port to offer connections to the outside world.
A number of Europeans visited Ryukyu from the late eighteenth century. The most important visits to Okinawa were by Captain Basil Chamberlain in 1816 and Commodore Matthew C. Perry in 1852. A Christian missionary, Bernard Jean Bettelheim lived in Gokoku-ji Temple in Naha from 1846 to 1854.
At 1879, Japan annexed the entire Ryukyu archipelago. The government Meiji established the Okinawa Prefecture . The monarchy in Shuri was abolished and the deposed king Shō Tai (1843-1901) was forced to move to Tokyo.
Hostility towards Japan increased in the islands immediately after the annexation, partly because of Japan's systematic attempt to eliminate Ryukyuan culture, including language, religion and cultural practices.
The island of Okinawa was the site of most of the land war in Battle of Okinawa during the Segunda Guerra Mundial , when the troops of the Army e Corps of the Marines US fought a long and bloody battle to capture Okinawa, to be used as the main air force and troop base for planned invasion of Japan . During this battle of 82 days, about 95.000 troops of the Japanese Imperial Army and 12.510 Americans were killed. THE cornerstone of peaceOkinawa Prefecture Peace Memorial Park, list 149.193 people of Okinawa origin - about a quarter of the civilian population - who were killed or committed suicide during the Battle of Okinawa and the War do Pacifico .
During american military occupation of japan (1945-1952), which followed the imperial japanese surrender 2 in 1945, in the Bay of Tokyo, the U.S.A. controlled the Island of Okinawa and the rest of the Ryukyu Islands. The Amami Islands were returned to Japanese control in 1953, but the remainder remained in US possession until 17 of June of 1972, with numerous bases of the Army , of the Marine Corps and from Air Force .
Come and visit Okinawa with Japan Tour - see photos.
Japan Tour, screenplay - Okinawa 2019 | 3 days.
Date | 28 - 29 - 30 June 2019.
2 nights at the hotel with breakfast.
Nagoya - Naha (Okinawa) round trip guide.
Visited 3 beaches.
Cave, Kokusai dori, Botanical Garden, Heiwa Koen, komaka Island.
About Us | credits: Photos - Japan Tour | Mario Hirano - with information from wikipedia.org