Iran: 'EU failed to meet 2015 agreement commitments'

Iran's nuclear chief said on Sunday that European parties to the 2015 nuclear agreement had failed to meet their commitments under the pact, a day after Tehran announced further violations of the limits of its nuclear activity set by the agreement.

The deal restricted Iran's controversial nuclear program in exchange for sanctions, but has broken down since the United States withdrew last year and acted to strangle Iran's oil exports, leading it to a broader security agreement.

France, Germany and Britain attempted to launch a trade exchange mechanism with Iran, protecting it from US sanctions, but fought to lift it, and Tehran set a deadline of 60 days on Wednesday for effective European action. .

"Unfortunately, European parties have failed to deliver on their commitments ... The deal is not a one-way street, and Iran will act on what we have done so far, gradually lowering our commitments," said Ali Akbar Salehi, Iran's director. .nuclear power agency.

"Iran will continue to reduce its nuclear commitments until the other parties meet their commitments," Salehi said, speaking after meeting interim head of UN nuclear watchdog Cornel Feruta in Tehran on Sunday.

Feruta, whose inspectors monitor Tehran's nuclear program, also met Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, who told him Iran's violations were permitted under paragraph 36 of the nuclear deal, the news agency reported. semi-official Fars.

Paragraph 36 of the nuclear pact describes the dispute settlement mechanism.

"[Zarif] underscored the need for the [IAEA] agency to respect professional principles, maintain confidentiality and perform its duties impartially," said Iran's official IRNA news agency.

Iranian officials say the paragraph allows one party to the agreement to cut its commitments if others fail to meet theirs.

Iran says its withdrawal from the terms of the deal is reversible if European signatories are able to restore their access to foreign trade promised under the nuclear deal but blocked by reinstatement of US sanctions.

Feruta emphasized that IAEA safeguards activities are conducted impartially, independently and objectively and in accordance with standard safeguard practices, according to a press release on the IAEA website.

The IAEA Board of Governors, with 35 nations, will discuss Iran at a quarterly meeting starting Monday.

Since May, Iran has begun to breach the limits of its nuclear capability set by the agreement in retaliation for US pressure on Iran to negotiate restrictions on its ballistic missile program and support for replacement forces throughout the Middle East.

“The actions they took are negative but not definitive. They can return [to full compliance] and the road to dialogue is still open, ”French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves le Drian said on Sunday.

Raising bet on its impasse with Washington, Tehran said on Saturday it is now able to raise uranium enrichment beyond the 20% fissile purity level and has launched advanced centrifuge machines in further breaches of the deal.

IAEA inspectors reported in July that Iran increased enrichment to 4,5% purity above the appropriate 3,7% threshold for civil power generation established by the 2015 agreement.

Under the agreement, Iran is allowed limited research and development in advanced centrifuges, which accelerate the production of fissile material that, if enriched to the limit of 90%, can be used to develop a nuclear bomb.

Source: Reuters

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