Ethics code (Only in Spanish)
The National Congress of Professional Journalists approves this CODE OF ETHICS:
The Journalists' Code of Ethics, which establishes the rules to which the professional's performance must be subordinated in his relations with the community, with the sources of information and among journalists. From the right to information
Article 1 - Access to public information is a right inherent to the condition of life in society, which cannot be prevented by any type of interest.
Art. 2 - The disclosure of information, accurate and correct, is the duty of the means of public disclosure, regardless of the nature of its property.
Art. 3 - The information disclosed by the public media will be guided by the actual occurrence of the facts and will have the purpose of social and collective interest.
Art. 4 - The presentation of information by public, private and private institutions, whose activities have an effect on life in society, is a social obligation.
Art. 5 - The direct or indirect obstruction to the free disclosure of information and the application of censorship or self-censorship are a crime against society.
Journalist's Professional Conduct
Art. 6 - The exercise of the profession of journalist is an activity of a social nature and of public purpose, subject to this Code of Ethics.
Article 7 - The journalist's fundamental commitment is to the truth of the facts, and his work is guided by the precise investigation of the events and their correct disclosure.
Art. 8 - Whenever he considers it correct and necessary, the journalist will safeguard the origin and identity of his sources of information.
Article 9 - It is the duty of the journalist:
- Disclose all facts that are of public interest;
- Fight for freedom of thought and expression;
- Defend the free exercise of the profession;
- Valuing, honoring and dignifying the profession;
- Oppose arbitrariness, authoritarianism and oppression, as well as defending the principles expressed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;
- Combat and denounce all forms of corruption, especially when exercised with the aim of controlling information;
- Respect the citizen's right to privacy;
- Prestige the representative and democratic entities of the category;
Art. 10 - The journalist cannot:
- Accept the offer of paid work in disagreement with the salary floor of the category or with a table fixed by your class entity;
- Submit to guidelines contrary to the correct disclosure of information;
- frustrate the expression of divergent opinions or prevent free debate;
- Agree to the practice of persecution or discrimination for social, political, religious, racial, sex and sexual orientation reasons;
- Exercise journalistic coverage, by the organ in which he works, in public and private institutions where he is an employee, advisor or employee. The Professional Responsibility of the Journalist
Art. 11 - The journalist is responsible for all the information he divulges, as long as his work has not been altered by third parties.
Art. 12 - In all his rights and responsibilities, the journalist will have support and support from the representative entities of the category.
Art. 13 - The journalist must avoid disclosing the facts: - With an interest in personal favor or economic advantages; - Morbid in character and contrary to human values.
Art. 14 - The journalist must: - Always listen, before disclosing the facts, to all persons who are the object of unproven accusations, made by third parties and not sufficiently demonstrated or verified; - Treat all persons mentioned in the information you disclose with respect.
Art. 15 - The Journalist must allow the right of reply to the people involved or mentioned in his article, when the existence of mistakes or inaccuracies is demonstrated.
Art. 16 - The journalist must strive for the exercise of national sovereignty, in its political, economic and social aspects, and for the prevalence of the will of the majority of society, respecting the rights of minorities.
Art. 17 - The journalist must preserve the national language and culture. Application of the Code of Ethics
Art. 18 - Violations of this Code of Ethics will be investigated and assessed by the Ethics Committee.
1 ° - The Ethics Committee will be elected in the General Assembly of the category, by secret ballot, specially called for this purpose.
2 ° - The Ethics Committee will have five members with a mandate coinciding with that of the union's board of directors.
Art. 19 - Journalists who fail to comply with this Code of Ethics are gradually subject to the following penalties, to be applied by the Ethics Committee:
- Union members, observation, warning, suspension and exclusion from union membership;
- To non-members, public observation, temporary impediment and permanent impediment of joining the union's membership.
Sole Paragraph - The maximum penalties (exclusion from membership, for union members, and definitive impediment of joining the membership for non-union members), can only be applied after a referendum of the General Assembly specially called for this purpose.
Art. 20 - On the initiative of any citizen, journalist or not, or affected institution, written representation and identification can be directed to the Ethics Committee, so that the existence of transgression committed by a journalist can be determined.
Art. 21 - Once the representation has been received, the Ethics Committee will decide its reasoned acceptance or, if notably unacceptable, will determine its filing, making its decision public, if necessary.
Art. 22 - The application of the penalty must be preceded by a prior hearing of the journalist, object of representation, under penalty of nullity.
1 ° - The hearing must be convened in writing, by the Ethics Committee, through a system that proves the receipt of the respective notification, and will take place within ten days from the due date of the same.
2 - The journalist may submit a written response within the term of the previous paragraph or present his reasons orally, at the hearing.
3 - Failure by the journalist to observe the deadlines in this article will imply acceptance of the terms of the representation.
Article 23 - Whether or not there is a response, the Ethics Committee will forward its decision to the parties involved, within a minimum period of ten days, counted from the date set for the hearing.
Art. 24 - Journalists affected by the warning and suspension penalties can appeal to the General Assembly, within a maximum period of ten consecutive days, from the receipt of the notification. Sole Paragraph - the author of the representation is guaranteed the right to appeal to the General Meeting, within ten days, counting from the receipt of the notification, if he does not agree with the decision of the Ethics Committee.
Art. 25 - The notorious intention to harm the journalist, manifested in the case of representation without the necessary foundation, will be the object of public censure against its author.
Art. 26 - The present Code of Ethics will come into force after being approved by the General Assembly of journalists, specially called for this purpose.
Art. 27 - Any modification of this Code can only be made in the National Congress of Journalists, by means of a proposal signed by at least 10 delegations representing the Journalists' Unions.
Legal - Lawyer: Raphael Guilherme da Silva - OAB / SP Under No. 316.914.
CNPJ - 28.872.542 / 0001-73 - Brazil.
In accordance with Article 46, I Law 9610 / 98 e Law No. 5.250 of 9's February 1967.
Freedom of the Press Law - Law 2083 / 53 | Law No. 2.083, 12's November 1953.